Every parent in this world wants to see their child experience healthy and perfect growth and development. However, sometimes certain conditions can appear and interfere with the child’s growth and development. Children and adolescents require different medical treatment from adults, so special doctors are needed to treat the disease or condition they are experiencing.
Pediatricians are doctors who receive special training to handle the physical, behavioral, and mental care of children from birth to the age of 18 years. This doctor is able to diagnose and treat various kinds of children’s diseases, ranging from minor health problems to serious illnesses.
Getting to know Pediatricians
Please note, there is a slight difference between a pediatrician and a pediatrician. Pediatricians help maintain the health of children by checking their growth and development regularly. These doctors help prevent disease by providing vaccinations and general health advice. When children are sick, pediatricians treat a wide variety of common illnesses and injuries.
To become a pediatrician, a doctor must have graduated from medical school and completed a three-year residency program in pediatrics. Pediatricians are primary care physicians, which means they are the first healthcare professionals to be seen for general medical care and health visits. Meanwhile, pediatricians specialize in being able to treat more specific diseases in children.
The following are some of the common medical treatments given by pediatricians:
- Do a physical examination.
- Provide immunizations.
- Treating injuries, including fractures and dislocations.
- Evaluate a child’s physical, emotional, and social development.
- Prescribing medicines that are safe for children.
- Provide general health advice.
- Diagnose and treat a variety of medical conditions.
- Refer the family to other pediatric specialists, if needed.
Meanwhile, pediatricians have received additional education and training in specific diagnostic treatments and procedures. For example, pediatric cardiologists have advanced knowledge and experience in treating heart conditions in children. They may also have received training to perform various types of heart tests and procedures.
Diseases that Pediatricians Can Treat
There are many different types of pediatricians, each of whom specializes in treating certain medical conditions in children. Here are the different types of pediatricians and the diseases they can treat:
- Pediatric allergy and immunology specialist, treats food and environmental allergies in children, as well as problems with the immune system
- Pediatric oncologist, specializing in diagnosing and treating various types of pediatric cancer.
- Pediatric cardiologists diagnose and treat a variety of heart conditions in children.
- Pediatric pulmonologists diagnose, treat and treat children with respiratory problems and lung diseases.
- Pediatric rheumatologists treat children and adolescents with musculoskeletal disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis and chronic pain.
- Pediatric nephrologists in the treatment of symptoms it affects of the urinary system, including urinary tract infections and kidney disease.
- Pediatric neurologists treat and treat nerve disorders in children.
- Neonatal-perinatal pediatricians provide care to babies before, during, and after birth.
- Pediatric gastroenterologist takes care of the digestive system of young people.
- Pediatric endocrinologists specialize in the endocrine system and the hormones it produces. These specialists can treat a variety of conditions in children, including diabetes.