Child Health

Child Health

Protecting and improving children’s health is very important. Children need to be provided with a stable environment to develop. This includes good health and nutrition, protection from the risk of lack of access to health services, and opportunities for learning and development.

Keeping children healthy through long-term health investments can be the most important thing a parent can do. Because seeing children grow and develop well is the happiest thing for parents. In order to realize this happiness, Pediaclic tries to be a place or a connecting facility.

How to Maintain Children’s Health

Here are ways that parents can do to maintain the health of their children:

Give Complete Immunizations for Children

Immunization is the best way to prevent the transmission of various diseases that can be dangerous in children. Therefore, see a pediatrician and make sure your little one gets all the immunizations he needs, including the flu vaccine.

Teach How to Wash Hands Correctly

Washing hands is also the most important way to prevent the spread of diseases that children can get from school or other public places. Your little one can be infected with bacteria or viruses that cause disease if he rubs his eyes or nose with hands that have been contaminated by these germs. Therefore, frequent hand washing can help prevent exposure to germs.

Teaching children how to wash their hands properly using water and soap is part of practicing general hygiene. Also remind children to wash their hands after blowing their nose, after using the bathroom, and before eating.

Help Children Have a Strong Immune System

Parents also need to take care of their children’s health so that their immune system can work well. Encourage children to do things that can boost their immunity, such as:

  • Enough sleep.
  • Implement a healthy diet.
  • Encourage to be active and exercise
  • Take time to play.
  • Teach the importance of washing hands before and after activities.
  • Some of the ways above are steps that parents can take to help reduce the risk of their children getting colds, flu, and other infections.

Many parents are interested in giving supplements or extra vitamins, such as vitamin C to their children. However, mothers are advised to always talk to their pediatrician before giving their children any supplements.

The American Academy of Pediatrics does not recommend vitamin supplements for healthy children who eat a varied diet. The best way is to let children get their vitamins through food.

Teach Children Healthy Habits

Teaching children to do healthy habits is very important so that they can be protected from infection. Healthy habits that need to be taught to children include:

  • Don’t touch your eyes before washing your hands.
  • Do not share cutlery with friends.
  • Use a tissue to cover your mouth and nose when you sneeze.
  • Tell parents when they feel unwell.
  • These precautions are very effective in preventing the spread of most infectious diseases, including stomach ailments.

Encourage Children to Get Enough Sleep

Ensuring children get enough sleep is an important part of maintaining their health. In fact, research shows that sleep deprivation can affect children in a variety of ways.

Lack of sleep can lead to poor concentration, obesity, depression, suicidal ideation, and injury. Make sure the mother makes a sleep schedule for the child and get the child to sleep according to the schedule.

Give a Healthy Breakfast

Breakfast is the most important mealtime for school-age children. A balanced breakfast with protein and complex carbohydrates has been shown to be important for brain function and for maintaining stable energy levels throughout the day.

Children who regularly eat breakfast are more likely to consume the right amount of nutrients and consume less fat and total cholesterol. Likewise, the intake of iron, B vitamins, and vitamin D which can be obtained is 20-60 percent higher in children who do not skip breakfast.

Encourage Children to be Actively Move

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents in the past 30 years. Therefore, physical activity is an important part in maintaining the health of children. Public health experts recommend 60 minutes of physical activity daily for children.

Diseases Common to Children

There are several types of diseases that are commonly experienced by children, namely:

Have a cold

Flu is one of the most common illnesses experienced by children. Usually the cold medicine given to children is a type of acetaminophen or ibuprofen. This medication is used to treat symptoms such as fever, muscle aches, or headaches.

Ear Infection

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), children are more susceptible to ear infections than adults. Ear infections can be caused by bacterial or viral infections. Symptoms include earache, fever, irritability, trouble sleeping, and tugging at the ears.


Influenza is a type of virus that spreads easily when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Influenza can cause a child to experience symptoms that include fever, sore throat, fatigue, body aches, and chills.

Most conditions can be treated at home by managing symptoms, giving medications, drinking water, and resting.


Bronchitis occurs when the airways in the lungs swell and produce mucus in the lungs. Most cases of bronchitis are caused by a virus which often follows an upper respiratory tract infection.


In most children and adults, Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes mild cold-like symptoms including fever, cough, runny nose, and sneezing.

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease

Hand, foot, and mouth disease is most common in infants and children under five years of age. Symptoms include skin rash, fever, mouth sores, and flu-like symptoms.


There are several causes of conjunctivitis, can be from bacteria or viruses that enter the eye. Antibiotic ointment or eye drops are drugs that are usually given to treat eye pain.


Symptoms of gastroenteritis include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Usually, symptoms go away within a few days and treatment includes rest and fluids to avoid dehydration from vomiting and diarrhea.


Sinusitis occurs due to a buildup of fluid in the sinuses, which allows germs (bacteria and viruses) to grow. Most cases of sinusitis are caused by viruses. Symptoms include runny nose, stuffy nose, headache, pressure or pain in the face, post-nasal drip (mucus dripping down the throat), sore throat, cough, and bad breath.

Sore throat

Strep throat is caused by bacteria called Streptococcus pyogenes that enter the nose and throat. It causes sore throat, fever, swollen tonsils, and abdominal pain.

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What is Pediatric Consultation?

Pediatrician consultation or pediatrician consultation is a general medical process that involves the assessment and diagnosis of conditions affecting children and, to some extent, adolescents, as well as the management of overall health and patient health through certain preventive measures.

Pediatrics is a branch of medicine that addresses the medical needs of children. Doctors who specialize in this are called pediatricians. Pediatricians have spent years of education and training in this area. You start with four years of undergraduate research and another four years of medical research. Then complete the next three-year internship program at an accredited hospital. After that, they take an exam to get certified.

Pediatricians also have subspecialties, including oncology, cardiology, nephrology, neurology, and even psychology, but are not limited to the fields mentioned above. Subspecialties require further education.

However, children are different patients than adults and require intensive training. Due to their different physiology, the medical needs and conditions that usually affect children may not be apparent in adults. For example, birth defects are more common in pediatricians than in internal medicine.

Furthermore, as children enter a critical stage, pediatricians must closely monitor the growth and development of their patients, which means strict regular visits.

The psychology of children is also different from that of adults. Children often do not have a deep understanding of pain and illness. Also, many adults do not know how to express their symptoms. In addition to being less expressive, maybe a lack of understanding is also an indicator of the cause. Therefore, there is a need for pediatricians who clearly have good medical knowledge and expertise, as well as the skills to build good relationships with their children and their parents.

Lastly, minors, in the legal sense, do not have the capacity to make their own decisions and thus pediatricians must also work closely with their parents and caregivers.

Read also other our articles at Pediaclic

Who Should Undergo Pediatric Consultation & Expected Results

Pediatric consultations are aimed at children aged 0-12 years, although now many doctors also treat teenagers and adults up to the age of 20. After that age, they usually seek out an internist or internal medicine doctor, who specializes in adult medicine, although some retain their family physician.

Pediatric consultation can be done to:

  • Immunization.
  • Treatment of congenital defects.
  • Disease prevention.
  • Substance abuse services.
  • Specialized gynecological services.
  • Psychiatric and behavioral therapy.

Common cases such as colds and flu can be cured with just one or two visits to the pediatrician. However, when it comes to the child’s overall health, parents are obliged to visit the doctor regularly, even if there are no symptoms.

How Pediatric Consultation Works

If you understand more closely, you need to know that a child’s relationship with a pediatrician begins when the child is born. Thus, Parents are expected to have one pediatrician before their child is born. Or at least, the hospital staff will be the first to take on the role before parents find a pediatrician of their choice.

Some pediatricians work as outpatients or have their own clinics. Parents will be given instructions on when is the best time to take their child for a visit with the pediatrician.

Most pediatric consultations are called well-child visits. This refers to the time when children have to see the doctor their number of times within a year. It starts when the child is born until he is about 5 years old. Each meeting includes a thorough physical examination and counselling. Doctors can advise parents on the information needed in any matter that concerns their child. Usually things to focus on are nutrition, sleep, and mental and physical development. The doctor can also provide a little input to improve your child’s immunity. During this visit, immunizations or vaccinations may be given.

After 5 years, the child can see the doctor once a year for regular checkups, except when the child requires urgent or emergency care.

Child consultation can also be done while the child is in the hospital. The doctor will monitor the child’s response to treatment such as drugs or surgery. Consultation also occurs 2 to 3 days after the child has been discharged from the hospital.

Possible Complications and Risks of Pediatric Consultation

One of the main goals of consulting a pediatrician is to prevent unnecessary testing of the child, which can only result in pain or discomfort to them. This process itself does not have serious risks. However, as part of the protocol, a number of physical exams and vaccinations, may be required to ensure their health and this can be uncomfortable for children.

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