4 Top Footballers Who Have Congenital Diseases

Year after year changed, and along with it many top footballers were born, and not a few with shortcomings that made conditions impossible but could pass. Performance is the most decisive factor in how a footballer can be at the top, but what if a footballer has problems with his health?

It doesn’t mean anything is a valid answer because many world football stars with severe medical conditions can still be better than other normal players.

There are at least four world footballers with inconclusive medical conditions but can transform into world-star footballers. So who are these players? The following is a list of European star players with severe medical conditions.

Edgar Davids

Who doesn’t know Edgar Davids, a Dutch midfielder who has an attractive appearance and even earned the nickname Pitbull. Being one of the mainstay players for Juventus, Davids has a strong defense system and does not give up despite his lack of conditions. According to Peluit Panjang football media in Indonesia, the Dutch national team player has glaucoma, where the optic nerve in the eye is damaged and can be caused by genetics or other reasons. Although in the end, the lack did not close the opportunity for Davids to become Europe’s top star footballer.

Paul Scholes

Who would have thought that behind his brilliant performance with Manchester United, Paul Scholes had dangerous health problems. Scholes turned out to be suffering from a blocked blood vessel in his right eye, although the health condition did not make the player give up. Scholes successfully gave 11 Premier League titles to Man United, with 3 FA Cups, 2 League Cups, and 2 Champions Leagues and 700 matches.

Scholes found out about this abnormal health condition after conducting a medical consultation, the diagnosis stated that there was a blockage of a blood vessel that caused bleeding in his right eye.

David de Gea

David de Gea’s quality as a goalkeeper is unquestionable, even if there are flaws that could end his future. His career with Man United did experience problems, De Gea is said to have a condition known as myopia. A condition that required De Gea to wear glasses, his entire life, an optometrist examination carried out while at Man United showed that problem. Until Sir Alex Ferguson ordered De Gea to perform laser surgery in the summer of 2012, it made the player better.

David Beckham

David Beckham’s career as a footballer is unquestionable, both when playing for the club and at the national team level. In 2009, Beckham was seen using his inhaler while playing against Real Salt Lake in the MLS Cup final with the LA Galaxy. And that’s when David Beckham is known to have asthma, this was revealed by the player’s spokesman, Simon Oliveira, who explained the details of Beckham’s illness.

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7 Infectious Diseases in Children

Children’s immune systems are not as strong as adults, making them vulnerable to infectious diseases. Not only that, the child’s hygiene factor also affects the risk of this disease. So, what are the infectious diseases that can occur in children?

Various infectious diseases in children often occur

Infectious diseases are health problems caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, or parasites.

These organisms attack and enter the child’s body, then cause a number of symptoms.

Here are some infectious diseases in children that are common in Indonesia with information on symptoms and how to deal with them.

  • Wormy

In Indonesia, intestinal worms in children often occur as a result of infection with roundworms, hookworms, or whipworms. Usually, this happens because the child does not maintain cleanliness.

For example, children immediately hold food and eat without washing their hands first after playing outside the house, or the habit of playing outside barefoot.

    • Symptoms of Worms

Some children do not experience any symptoms of intestinal worms. However, if it appears, here are the symptoms of intestinal worms in children that may occur.

  • Often the buttocks, especially the anus.
  • Child’s stomach hurts.
  • Fever.
  • There are worms in the child’s feces.
  • The child has no appetite.
  • The child’s weight goes down.
  • Nausea, or even vomiting.
    • Handling

  • Deworming in children can be treated with deworming drugs, such as albendazole or mebendazole for up to 3 days or more, depending on the type of worm that infects the child.
  • You also need to regularly clean the house and teach children to wash their hands regularly to help prevent the spread of infection in the family.
  • Chickenpox

Chickenpox is an infectious disease in children caused by a virus. This is a contagious disease, especially in children who have never had chickenpox.

The virus can be spread through coughing or direct contact with fluid in blisters or red spots that appear on the skin.

    • Symptoms of  Chickenpox

Symptoms of chickenpox in children usually appear 11-20 days after exposure or after the child interacts with other children who have chickenpox.

Usually, the first symptoms that appear are small red spots on the child’s body, especially the chest, back, head, or neck, followed by fever and weakness.

The spots then develop into fluid-filled blisters within a day or two. After drying, these spots or blisters then peel and fall off.

    • Handling

Overcoming chickenpox in children should be done at home. Children need to rest at home so as not to infect their friends or those around them.

When at home, you can give paracetamol to relieve fever in children and calamine lotion to reduce itching.

Ask your child to drink plenty of water, don’t scratch the itchy area, and wear loose-fitting clothes to make him feel comfortable.

  • Influenza

This disease is often experienced in children and adults due to a contagious viral infection.

Influenza virus transmission to children usually occurs through the air when the sufferer sneezes or coughs.

Not only that, transmission can also occur through hands or objects that have been touched by an infected person.

    • Symptoms of Influenza

Symptoms of influenza in children usually appear one to three days after exposure. The following are the common symptoms of influenza in children.

  • Fever.
  • Cough.
  • Shivering.
  • Headaches in children.
  • Muscle ache.
    • Handling

Children infected with influenza will usually recover just by resting and taking pain medication to relieve symptoms.

Your child may be able to take special influenza antiviral drugs, but they must be prescribed by a doctor.

In addition, ask children to cover their noses and mouth when coughing and sneezing with their elbows or tissue and wash their hands regularly to prevent the spread of the virus.

To reduce the risk of contracting, infants aged 6 months to children under 5 years can get the influenza vaccine.

  • Dengue Fever

This disease is caused by a viral infection carried by mosquitoes. Dengue fever in children is very common in Indonesia because it is a tropical country.

However, most cases are mild and get better on their own within a week of being infected.

    • Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Symptoms of dengue fever in children are generally mild, especially in children who are exposed to this disease for the first time.

However, in older children and those who have had the disease, moderate to severe symptoms may develop.

  • High fever up to 40 degrees Celsius.
  • Muscle pain, bone pain, pain behind the eye.
  • Severe headache.
  • Rash all over the body.
  • Easy bruising.
  • Children have nosebleeds or bleeding gums.
    • Handling

There is no specific treatment for dengue fever. Mild cases can generally be resolved by resting and drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration in children.

If the symptoms are severe, you should immediately take your child to the hospital.

Doctors and nurses can give additional fluids through an IV to replace fluids lost from vomiting or diarrhea.

  • Diarrhea

This is an infectious disease that is very common in children, ranging from infants, toddlers, to older children.

Diarrhea in children often occurs due to bacterial, viral, parasitic infections, or other problems, such as allergies to certain foods or digestive disorders in children.

    • Symptoms of Diarrhea

Symptoms of diarrhea can be different for each child. In general, the following are the common symptoms of diarrhea.

  • The child’s stomach hurts or feels cramped.
  • Nauseous.
  • The child’s stomach is bloated.
  • Fever.
  • Continuous defecation.
  • Dehydration.
    • Handling

To treat diarrhea in children, you need to give them enough water to replace lost fluids.

Doctors may also give antibiotics to children if diarrhea occurs due to a bacterial infection.

In infants, make sure you continue to breastfeed the baby to reduce the symptoms.

  • Measles

Measles is an infectious disease caused by a virus that is highly contagious in children and adults.

This disease can be serious and fatal in young children. In fact, in some cases, this disease can cause death.

    • Symptoms of Measles

Quoting from the Mayo Clinic, here are the most common symptoms of measles.

  • Fever.
  • Inflamed eyes.
  • Sore throat.
  • Have a cold.
  • Dry cough.
  • Small white spots with a bluish tint in the center that are inside the mouth on the lining of the cheeks.
  • Rash on the skin.
    • Handling

There is no specific treatment for measles in children.

Your doctor may give you medicine to relieve fever, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen for your child.

Antibiotics may also be given if a bacterial infection, like pneumonia or an ear infection, also occurs when your child has measles.

  • Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infectious disease of the lungs caused by bacteria or viruses. In children, this infectious disease can be mild or even serious.

Pneumonia in children often occurs in toddlers or under 5 years old.

    • Symptoms of pneumonia

Common symptoms of pneumonia in children are:

  • Fever,
  • Fatigue,
  • Congested,
  • Loss of appetite,
  • And the child coughs.
    • Handling

Pneumonia due to bacterial infection can be treated with antibiotics.

However, for pneumonia due to a viral infection, there is no specific treatment available, and it often resolves on its own.

In addition, children also need to rest, drink lots of water, and take medicines to treat fever and cough.

In severe cases, such as a child with shortness of breath, hospitalization is urgently needed.

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Depression in Children, What Should Parents Do?

Depression in Children

Just like adults, children can also develop mental health disorders, such as depression. Symptoms of depression in children are generally similar to those of adults, but can sometimes look different.

Children who experience symptoms of depression may not always look gloomy or sad, but become more aggressive and easily irritated. Adults around him may interpret it as a naughty attitude, without realizing it as a symptom of depression. So, what should parents do to deal with depression in children? Check out the tips after this!

Read Also: 3 Heart Diseases That Stall Children

This is What Parents Need to do in Sealing With Depression in Children

Children usually don’t quite understand what they’re going through, so they can be overwhelmed and confused. Here are some things parents can do to deal with depression in their children:

1. Be patient and try to understand children

The mood of a child who is depressed can fluctuate, which can also frustrate parents. However, it is important to develop patience and try to understand the child better. Maintain a positive relationship with the child, so that he still feels close to his parents.

2. Make More Time for Children

Similarly, when a child is physically ill and needs the presence of a parent to care for him, it is the same with dealing with depression in children. Spend more time than usual with children. This is useful for knowing what the child is experiencing, feeling, and thinking.

Plus, spending time with your child when he’s depressed can also help improve his mood. Try taking your child to a fun activity that he enjoys, or just having a meal with him.

3. More Sensitive to Changes in Children’s Conditions

Parents should be more sensitive to changes in conditions experienced by children. Know when your child is experiencing symptoms of depression and encourage them to express what they are feeling and thinking.

Never ignore the symptoms of depression shown by your child. If you are confused, use the Halodoc application to ask a clinical psychologist for children and adolescents, to determine whether there is a possibility of depression from the symptoms experienced by the child.

4. Meet Children’s Needs

Make sure your child eats a healthy and balanced diet every day, gets regular exercise, and gets enough sleep. If there are medicines that are prescribed for your child, make sure he takes them according to the dosage and recommendations.

5. Teach Relaxation Techniques

It is also important to teach relaxation techniques to children, to help them cope with symptoms of depression that attack. Some relaxation techniques that can be taught to children are mindfulness, breathing techniques, visualization, and progressive muscle relaxation.

Also, help children to sort out negative thoughts that are experienced and turn them into positive thoughts. Always give praise and support when the child is doing ways to deal with depression experienced or when the child is progressing.

6. Take care of yourself

Although always being present and paying attention to children is very important, don’t forget to also take care of your own physical and mental health. Dealing with depression in children can be frustrating for parents, but it is important for parents to stay physically and mentally healthy.

Recognize the Signs of Depression in Children as Early as Possible

The most important thing to do before trying to deal with depression in children is to recognize the signs. Sometimes, the signs of depression in children can be different and are only considered normal emotional changes during growth.

Here are some signs of depression in children that parents need to recognize:

  • Often wants to be alone and does not want to play with friends.
  • Often cries or screams.
  • Easily irritated and angry.
  • Appetite continues to decrease or even increase.
  • Weight loss or even increase.
  • Difficulty concentrating.
  • Very sensitive to rejection.
  • Often talk about death or suicide.
  • Lack of sleep or sleeping too much.
  • Feeling worthless.
  • Often tired for no apparent reason.

If your child has any of these signs of depression, don’t wait to seek professional help, such as a child and adolescent clinical psychologist. The earlier symptoms of depression in children are recognized and diagnosed, the easier treatment can be.

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3 Heart Diseases That Stall Children

Atherosclerosis

Who said that heart disease can only be experienced by adults? In fact, children are also susceptible to this disease. In fact, heart defects can be experienced by children while still in the womb. Many experts believe that heart disease in children can be caused by genetics and infections.

Parents who have a history of heart disease are more likely to pass the disease on to their children compared to parents who do not have a history of heart disease.

At 4 weeks of gestation, the fetal heart will form a single sac structure which will gradually enlarge in the eighth week. While still in the womb the flow of oxygen and carbon dioxide will pass through the placenta, so that heart defects that occur at that time will not cause problems for the baby.

Heart defects in babies will be seen after the baby is born and the placenta is cut. Generally, this heart abnormality is characterized by the appearance of noises (murmurs) when the baby breathes, abnormally fast heartbeats, difficulty suckling due to short breaths, growth disorders, and blue skin (cyanotic).

While other causes are infections caused by rubella, toxic substances, alcohol, and certain drugs. Well, here are some heart diseases that can lurk in children:

Congenital Heart Disorder

Congenital Heart Disorder

Congenital heart disease or congenital heart disease is a birth defect in the fetus that occurs due to abnormal embryonic development. This condition generally occurs in 8 out of every 1000 births. These babies usually have problems with structures such as:

  • There is a heart leak due to a hole in the heart septum.
  • Mitral valve stenosis.

In addition, other forms of congenital heart disease that you need to be aware of are:

  • Heart failure which causes a part of the heart that is not fully developed.
  • Tetralogy of Fallot, which is a combination of four other syndromes namely pulmonary embolism, ventricular septal abnormalities, aortic equestrian, and right ventricular hypertrophy.

Atherosclerosis

This heart disorder occurs due to the formation of plaque from fat and cholesterol in the arteries. When plaque builds up, blood vessels become stiff and narrow, making you more at risk for blood clots and eventually a heart attack. This is a long-term condition and often goes undetected.

Actually, children rarely get this disease. However, they will be at risk if they have obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and other health conditions. If your child is overweight and obese, or if your family has a history of heart disease and diabetes, your child will be advised to have their cholesterol and blood pressure checked regularly.

Kawasaki Disorder

Kawasaki Disorder

This heart disease is relatively rare, its appearance is characterized by inflammation of blood vessels throughout the body, such as in the arms, hands, mouth, lips, and throat. Other symptoms include fever and swollen lymph nodes. Unfortunately, the cause of this disease is still unclear. You could say Kawasaki disease is one of the most common heart diseases in children. As many as 1 in 5 children who experience heart disease is due to Kawasaki disease and most of them are under 5 years of age.

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Diseases Treated by Pediatricians

Pediatricians

Every parent in this world wants to see their child experience healthy and perfect growth and development. However, sometimes certain conditions can appear and interfere with the child’s growth and development. Children and adolescents require different medical treatment from adults, so special doctors are needed to treat the disease or condition they are experiencing.

Pediatricians are doctors who receive special training to handle the physical, behavioral, and mental care of children from birth to the age of 18 years. This doctor is able to diagnose and treat various kinds of children’s diseases, ranging from minor health problems to serious illnesses.

Getting to know Pediatricians

Please note, there is a slight difference between a pediatrician and a pediatrician. Pediatricians help maintain the health of children by checking their growth and development regularly. These doctors help prevent disease by providing vaccinations and general health advice. When children are sick, pediatricians treat a wide variety of common illnesses and injuries.

To become a pediatrician, a doctor must have graduated from medical school and completed a three-year residency program in pediatrics. Pediatricians are primary care physicians, which means they are the first healthcare professionals to be seen for general medical care and health visits. Meanwhile, pediatricians specialize in being able to treat more specific diseases in children.

The following are some of the common medical treatments given by pediatricians:

  • Do a physical examination.
  • Provide immunizations.
  • Treating injuries, including fractures and dislocations.
  • Evaluate a child’s physical, emotional, and social development.
  • Prescribing medicines that are safe for children.
  • Provide general health advice.
  • Diagnose and treat a variety of medical conditions.
  • Refer the family to other pediatric specialists, if needed.

Meanwhile, pediatricians have received additional education and training in specific diagnostic treatments and procedures. For example, pediatric cardiologists have advanced knowledge and experience in treating heart conditions in children. They may also have received training to perform various types of heart tests and procedures.

Diseases that Pediatricians Can Treat

There are many different types of pediatricians, each of whom specializes in treating certain medical conditions in children. Here are the different types of pediatricians and the diseases they can treat:

  • Pediatric allergy and immunology specialist, treats food and environmental allergies in children, as well as problems with the immune system
  • Pediatric oncologist, specializing in diagnosing and treating various types of pediatric cancer.
  • Pediatric cardiologists diagnose and treat a variety of heart conditions in children.
  • Pediatric pulmonologists diagnose, treat and treat children with respiratory problems and lung diseases.
  • Pediatric rheumatologists treat children and adolescents with musculoskeletal disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis and chronic pain.
  • Pediatric nephrologists in the treatment of symptoms it affects of the urinary system, including urinary tract infections and kidney disease.
  • Pediatric neurologists treat and treat nerve disorders in children.
  • Neonatal-perinatal pediatricians provide care to babies before, during, and after birth.
  • Pediatric gastroenterologist takes care of the digestive system of young people.
  • Pediatric endocrinologists specialize in the endocrine system and the hormones it produces. These specialists can treat a variety of conditions in children, including diabetes.
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7 Facts about Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Pediatrics is a medical specialty that deals with the development and care of children, as well as diagnosing and treating diseases of childhood. Doctors who specialize in pediatrics are also called pediatricians.

Please note that the medical needs of children are different from those of adults. That is why if the child is sick, the mother is recommended to take him to a pediatrician. Check out some interesting facts about pediatrics here.

Read Now: Diseases Treated by Pediatricians

1. Origins of Pediatrics

Pediatrics is a branch of medicine that deals with the health and medical care of children from birth to the age of 18. The word ‘pediatrics’ comes from the Greek, namely pais which means child, and iatros which means doctor or healer. Pediatrics is a medical specialty that only emerged in the mid-19th century; Abraham Jacobi (1830-1919) is considered the father of pediatrics.

2. Role of Pediatrician

Pediatricians are doctors who not only provide medical care for children with acute or chronic illnesses, but also provide preventive health services for healthy children. Pediatricians protect children’s physical, mental and emotional well-being at all stages of development, regardless of illness or health.

3. The Purpose of Pediatrics

The goals of pediatrics are to reduce infant and child mortality, control the spread of infectious diseases, promote healthy lifestyles and help alleviate the condition of children and adolescents who have chronic health problems.

  • Pediatricians diagnose and treat the following conditions in children:
  • Injury.
  • Infection.
  • Genetic and inherited conditions.
  • Cancer.
  • Organ disease and dysfunction.

The focus of pediatrics is not only on the immediate treatment of sick children, but also on the long-term effects on quality of life, disability, and survival. Pediatricians are also involved in the prevention, early detection and management of health problems which include:

  • Developmental delays and disorders.
  • Behavioral problems.
  • Functional disability.
  • Social pressure.
  • Mental disorders, including depression and anxiety disorders.

4. Cooperate with Other Specialists

Pediatrics is a collaborative specialty, which means pediatricians need to work closely with other medical specialists and health care professionals, as well as pediatrics subspecialties to help treat children who have problems.

5. Pediatrics is different from treatment for adults

There is more than one difference between pediatric and adult medicine. Infants and children need to be understood more carefully because of their smaller body postures which are physiologically different substantially from the adult body. So, taking care of children is not like taking care of mini versions of adults.

Birth defects, genetic variation, and developmental problems are more important to pediatricians than to doctors treating adults. In addition, there are some legal issues in the field of pediatrics.

Responding to problems regarding medical decision-making for minors needs to be considered more deeply by every pediatrician. This is simply because minors have not been able to make decisions on their own, as a result, issues of guardianship, privacy, legal responsibility and consent must be accompanied

6. Training to Become a Pediatrician

A pediatrician must first complete his studies at the medical school as a general practitioner. Then, he can become a general pediatrician by continuing his studies in the Specialist Medical Education Program in the field of pediatrics.

During this educational program, pediatricians are trained to treat infants, children, adolescents and young adults. Pediatricians can then also explore various more specific sciences or subspecialties.

7. Subspecialty in Pediatrics

Several subspecialties in pediatrics, including:

  • Pediatric Cardiology, focuses on the treatment of the pediatric heart.
  • Critical care treatment.
  • Endocrinology treats hormonal and glandular-related disorders in children.
  • Gastroenterology, dealing with various kinds of complaints related to the digestive tract.
  • Hematology, dealing with blood disorders.
  • Neonatal or newborn medication.
  • Nephrology focuses on treating children’s kidney problems.
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Child Health

Child Health

Protecting and improving children’s health is very important. Children need to be provided with a stable environment to develop. This includes good health and nutrition, protection from the risk of lack of access to health services, and opportunities for learning and development.

Keeping children healthy through long-term health investments can be the most important thing a parent can do. Because seeing children grow and develop well is the happiest thing for parents. In order to realize this happiness, Pediaclic tries to be a place or a connecting facility.

How to Maintain Children’s Health

Here are ways that parents can do to maintain the health of their children:

Give Complete Immunizations for Children

Immunization is the best way to prevent the transmission of various diseases that can be dangerous in children. Therefore, see a pediatrician and make sure your little one gets all the immunizations he needs, including the flu vaccine.

Teach How to Wash Hands Correctly

Washing hands is also the most important way to prevent the spread of diseases that children can get from school or other public places. Your little one can be infected with bacteria or viruses that cause disease if he rubs his eyes or nose with hands that have been contaminated by these germs. Therefore, frequent hand washing can help prevent exposure to germs.

Teaching children how to wash their hands properly using water and soap is part of practicing general hygiene. Also remind children to wash their hands after blowing their nose, after using the bathroom, and before eating.

Help Children Have a Strong Immune System

Parents also need to take care of their children’s health so that their immune system can work well. Encourage children to do things that can boost their immunity, such as:

  • Enough sleep.
  • Implement a healthy diet.
  • Encourage to be active and exercise
  • Take time to play.
  • Teach the importance of washing hands before and after activities.
  • Some of the ways above are steps that parents can take to help reduce the risk of their children getting colds, flu, and other infections.

Many parents are interested in giving supplements or extra vitamins, such as vitamin C to their children. However, mothers are advised to always talk to their pediatrician before giving their children any supplements.

The American Academy of Pediatrics does not recommend vitamin supplements for healthy children who eat a varied diet. The best way is to let children get their vitamins through food.

Teach Children Healthy Habits

Teaching children to do healthy habits is very important so that they can be protected from infection. Healthy habits that need to be taught to children include:

  • Don’t touch your eyes before washing your hands.
  • Do not share cutlery with friends.
  • Use a tissue to cover your mouth and nose when you sneeze.
  • Tell parents when they feel unwell.
  • These precautions are very effective in preventing the spread of most infectious diseases, including stomach ailments.

Encourage Children to Get Enough Sleep

Ensuring children get enough sleep is an important part of maintaining their health. In fact, research shows that sleep deprivation can affect children in a variety of ways.

Lack of sleep can lead to poor concentration, obesity, depression, suicidal ideation, and injury. Make sure the mother makes a sleep schedule for the child and get the child to sleep according to the schedule.

Give a Healthy Breakfast

Breakfast is the most important mealtime for school-age children. A balanced breakfast with protein and complex carbohydrates has been shown to be important for brain function and for maintaining stable energy levels throughout the day.

Children who regularly eat breakfast are more likely to consume the right amount of nutrients and consume less fat and total cholesterol. Likewise, the intake of iron, B vitamins, and vitamin D which can be obtained is 20-60 percent higher in children who do not skip breakfast.

Encourage Children to be Actively Move

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents in the past 30 years. Therefore, physical activity is an important part in maintaining the health of children. Public health experts recommend 60 minutes of physical activity daily for children.

Diseases Common to Children

There are several types of diseases that are commonly experienced by children, namely:

Have a cold

Flu is one of the most common illnesses experienced by children. Usually the cold medicine given to children is a type of acetaminophen or ibuprofen. This medication is used to treat symptoms such as fever, muscle aches, or headaches.

Ear Infection

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), children are more susceptible to ear infections than adults. Ear infections can be caused by bacterial or viral infections. Symptoms include earache, fever, irritability, trouble sleeping, and tugging at the ears.

Influenza

Influenza is a type of virus that spreads easily when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Influenza can cause a child to experience symptoms that include fever, sore throat, fatigue, body aches, and chills.

Most conditions can be treated at home by managing symptoms, giving medications, drinking water, and resting.

Bronchitis

Bronchitis occurs when the airways in the lungs swell and produce mucus in the lungs. Most cases of bronchitis are caused by a virus which often follows an upper respiratory tract infection.

RSV

In most children and adults, Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes mild cold-like symptoms including fever, cough, runny nose, and sneezing.

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease

Hand, foot, and mouth disease is most common in infants and children under five years of age. Symptoms include skin rash, fever, mouth sores, and flu-like symptoms.

Conjunctivitis

There are several causes of conjunctivitis, can be from bacteria or viruses that enter the eye. Antibiotic ointment or eye drops are drugs that are usually given to treat eye pain.

Gastroenteritis

Symptoms of gastroenteritis include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Usually, symptoms go away within a few days and treatment includes rest and fluids to avoid dehydration from vomiting and diarrhea.

Sinusitis

Sinusitis occurs due to a buildup of fluid in the sinuses, which allows germs (bacteria and viruses) to grow. Most cases of sinusitis are caused by viruses. Symptoms include runny nose, stuffy nose, headache, pressure or pain in the face, post-nasal drip (mucus dripping down the throat), sore throat, cough, and bad breath.

Sore throat

Strep throat is caused by bacteria called Streptococcus pyogenes that enter the nose and throat. It causes sore throat, fever, swollen tonsils, and abdominal pain.

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What is Pediatric Consultation?

Pediatrician consultation or pediatrician consultation is a general medical process that involves the assessment and diagnosis of conditions affecting children and, to some extent, adolescents, as well as the management of overall health and patient health through certain preventive measures.

Pediatrics is a branch of medicine that addresses the medical needs of children. Doctors who specialize in this are called pediatricians. Pediatricians have spent years of education and training in this area. You start with four years of undergraduate research and another four years of medical research. Then complete the next three-year internship program at an accredited hospital. After that, they take an exam to get certified.

Pediatricians also have subspecialties, including oncology, cardiology, nephrology, neurology, and even psychology, but are not limited to the fields mentioned above. Subspecialties require further education.

However, children are different patients than adults and require intensive training. Due to their different physiology, the medical needs and conditions that usually affect children may not be apparent in adults. For example, birth defects are more common in pediatricians than in internal medicine.

Furthermore, as children enter a critical stage, pediatricians must closely monitor the growth and development of their patients, which means strict regular visits.

The psychology of children is also different from that of adults. Children often do not have a deep understanding of pain and illness. Also, many adults do not know how to express their symptoms. In addition to being less expressive, maybe a lack of understanding is also an indicator of the cause. Therefore, there is a need for pediatricians who clearly have good medical knowledge and expertise, as well as the skills to build good relationships with their children and their parents.

Lastly, minors, in the legal sense, do not have the capacity to make their own decisions and thus pediatricians must also work closely with their parents and caregivers.

Read also other our articles at Pediaclic

Who Should Undergo Pediatric Consultation & Expected Results

Pediatric consultations are aimed at children aged 0-12 years, although now many doctors also treat teenagers and adults up to the age of 20. After that age, they usually seek out an internist or internal medicine doctor, who specializes in adult medicine, although some retain their family physician.

Pediatric consultation can be done to:

  • Immunization.
  • Treatment of congenital defects.
  • Disease prevention.
  • Substance abuse services.
  • Specialized gynecological services.
  • Psychiatric and behavioral therapy.

Common cases such as colds and flu can be cured with just one or two visits to the pediatrician. However, when it comes to the child’s overall health, parents are obliged to visit the doctor regularly, even if there are no symptoms.

How Pediatric Consultation Works

If you understand more closely, you need to know that a child’s relationship with a pediatrician begins when the child is born. Thus, Parents are expected to have one pediatrician before their child is born. Or at least, the hospital staff will be the first to take on the role before parents find a pediatrician of their choice.

Some pediatricians work as outpatients or have their own clinics. Parents will be given instructions on when is the best time to take their child for a visit with the pediatrician.

Most pediatric consultations are called well-child visits. This refers to the time when children have to see the doctor their number of times within a year. It starts when the child is born until he is about 5 years old. Each meeting includes a thorough physical examination and counselling. Doctors can advise parents on the information needed in any matter that concerns their child. Usually things to focus on are nutrition, sleep, and mental and physical development. The doctor can also provide a little input to improve your child’s immunity. During this visit, immunizations or vaccinations may be given.

After 5 years, the child can see the doctor once a year for regular checkups, except when the child requires urgent or emergency care.

Child consultation can also be done while the child is in the hospital. The doctor will monitor the child’s response to treatment such as drugs or surgery. Consultation also occurs 2 to 3 days after the child has been discharged from the hospital.

Possible Complications and Risks of Pediatric Consultation

One of the main goals of consulting a pediatrician is to prevent unnecessary testing of the child, which can only result in pain or discomfort to them. This process itself does not have serious risks. However, as part of the protocol, a number of physical exams and vaccinations, may be required to ensure their health and this can be uncomfortable for children.

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